Aliases, as the name suggests, are used to call a command by another
name. The command to which an alias is applied will work as if it had
been called directly. For example, if I want to go to the parent
directory with the command
.., I only have to create an alias from the
terminal with the following command:
alias ..='cd ...'.
You probably already have several aliases created and don't know it. If
alias, you will see the aliases you have already defined. These
aliases are defined in the
.bashrc file, where you can add your own
aliases (remember to reload the Bash configuration after adding them so that
you can start using them without restarting the computer). But if you
want to add a lot of them and you want to distinguish which ones are
yours, it is advisable to have them in a separate file.
.bashrc file you will probably find these lines or some similar ones:
# Alias definitions. # You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like # ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly. # See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package. if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then . ~/.bash_aliases fi
This means that every time you start Bash, it loads the aliases found in
~/.bash_aliases file if it exists. If you don't have this file yet,
create it and add some aliases to help you in your day-to-day work. They
will save you a lot of time in the long run.
Here are some useful aliases:
alias ....='cd ../../..' alias ...='cd ../..' alias ..='cd ..' alias install='sudo apt-get install' alias search='apt-cache search' alias update='sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade'
I have a repository at https://notabug.org/jorgesumle/bash_aliases with all my aliases, take a look at it and copy the ones you find useful.